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    名人演說

    溫斯頓?丘吉爾的就職演說

    明日東方科技有限公司   發布時間:2010-03-04

     

    來源:新東方教育科技集團
     
     
    “BLOOD, SWEAT AND TEARS”
     
    Winston Churchill
     
      May 13, 1940
     
      On Friday evening last I received from His Majesty the mission to form a new administration.
     
      It was the evident will of Parliament and the nation that this should be conceived on the broadest possible basis and that it should include all parties.
     
      I have already completed the most important part of this task. A war cabinet has been formed of five members, representing, with the Labor, Opposition and Liberals, the unity of the nation.
     
      It was necessary that this should be done in one single day on account of the extreme urgency and rigor of events. Other key positions were filled yesterday. I am submitting a further list to the King tonight. I hope to complete the appointment of principal Ministers during tomorrow.
     
      The appointment of other Ministers usually takes a little longer. I trust when Parliament meets again this part of my task will be completed and that the administration will be complete in all respects.
     
      I considered it in the public interest to suggest to the Speaker that the House should be summoned today. At the end of today"s proceedings, the adjournment of the House will be proposed until May 2l with provision for earlier meeting if need be. Business for that will be notified to M. P. "s at the earliest opportunity.
     
      I now invite the House by a resolution to record its approval of the steps taken and declare its confidence in the new government. The resolution:
     
      "That this House welcomes the formation of a government representing the united and inflexible resolve of the nation to prosecute the war with Germany to a victorious conclusion."
     
      To form an administration of this scale and complexity is a serious undertaking in itself. But we are in the preliminary Phase of one of the greatest battles in history. We are in action at any other points-in Norway and in Holland-and we have to be prepared in the Mediterranean. The air battle is continuing, and many preparations have to be made here at home.
     
      In this crisis I think I may be pardoned if I do not address the House at any length today, and I hope that any of my friends and colleagues or for mer colleagues who are affected by the political reconstruction will make all allowances for any lack of ceremony with which it has been necessary to act.
     
      I say to the House as I said to Ministers who have joined this government, I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears and sweat. We have before us an ordeal of the most grievous kind. We have before us many, many months of struggle and suffering.
     
      You ask, what is our policy? I say it is to wage war by land, sea and air. War with all our might and with all the strength God has given us, and to wage war against a monstrous tyranny never surpassed in the dark and lamentable catalogue of human crime. That is our policy.
     
      You ask, what is our aim? I can answer in one word, It is victory. Victory at all costs-victory in spite of all terrors-victory, however long and hard the road may be, for without victory there is no survival.
     
      Let that be realized. No survival for the British Empire, no survival for all that the British Empire has stood for, no survival for the urge, the impulse of the ages, that mankind shall move forward toward his goal.
     
      I take up my task in buoyancy and hope. I feel sure that our cause will not be suffered to fail among men.
     
      I feel entitled at this juncture, at this time, to claim the aid of all and to say, "Come then, let us go forward together with our united strength."
     
     
      附:參考譯文
     
    “熱血、汗水和眼淚”
     
    溫斯頓·丘吉爾
     
      1940年5月13日
     
      上星期五晚上,我奉陛下之命,組織新的一屆政府。
     
      按國會和國民的意愿,新政府顯然應該考慮建立在盡可能廣泛的基礎上,應該兼容所有的黨派。
     
      我已經完成了這項任務的最主要的部分。戰時內閣已由五人組成,包括工黨、反對黨和自由黨,這體現了舉國團結一致。
     
      由于事態的極端緊急和嚴峻,新閣政府須于一天之內組成,其他的關鍵崗位也于昨日安排就緒。今晚還要向國王呈報一份名單。我希望明天就能完成幾位主要大臣的任命。
     
      其余大臣們的任命照例得晚一些。我相信,在國會下一次召開時,任命將告完成,臻于完善。
     
      為公眾利益著想,我建議議長今天就召開國會。今天的議程結束時,建議休會到5月21日,并準備在必要時提前開會。有關事項當會及早通知各位議員。
     
      現在我請求國會作出決議,批準我所采取的各項步驟,啟示記錄在案,并且聲明信任新政府。決議如下:
     
      “本國會歡迎新政府的組成,她體現了舉國一致的堅定不移的決心:對德作戰,直到最后勝利。”
     
      組織如此規模和如此復雜的政府原本是一項重大的任務。但是我們正處于歷史上罕見的一場大戰的初始階段。我們在其他許多地點作戰——在挪威,在荷蘭,我們還必須在地中海做好準備??諔鹫诶^續,而且在本土也必須做好許多準備工作。
     
      值此危急關頭,我想,即使我今天向國會的報告過于簡略,也當能見諒。我還希望所有在這次改組中受到影響的朋友、同僚和舊日的同僚們對必要的禮儀方面的任何不周之處能毫不介意。
     
      我向國會表明,一如我向入閣的大臣們所表明的,我所能奉獻的唯有熱血、辛勞、眼淚和汗水我們所面臨的將是一場極其嚴酷的考驗,將是曠日持久的斗爭和苦難。
     
      若問我們的政策是什么?我的回答是:在陸上、海上、空中作戰。盡我們的全力,盡上帝賦予我們的全部力量去作戰,對人類黑暗、可悲的罪惡史上空前兇殘的暴政作戰。這就是我們的政策。
     
      若問我們的目標是什么?我可以用一個詞來回答,那就是勝利。不惜一切代價,去奪取勝利——不懼一切恐怖,去奪取勝利——不論前路如何漫長、如何艱苦,去奪取勝利。因為沒有勝利就不能生存。
     
      我們務必認識到,沒有勝利就不復有大英帝國,沒有勝利就不復有大英帝國所象征的一切,沒有勝利就不復有多少世紀以來的強烈要求和沖動:人類應當向自己的目標邁進。
     
      我精神振奮、滿懷信心地承擔起我的任務。我確信,大家聯合起來,我們的事業就不會遭到挫敗。
     

      在此時此刻的危急關頭,我覺得我有權要求各方面的支持。我要說:“來吧,讓我們群策群力,并肩前進!”

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